Success in the vertical rescue simulation carried out in the BP Oil España refinery
The ITURRI firefighting brigade participated in a vertical rescue simulation in the BP Oil España refinery with resounding success.
In said exercise the fall of a victim onto the surface of the floating roof tank TK-732 was simulated. The brigade`s intervention started with the progression of the participating staff from the warm zone to the TK-732, the hypothetical hot zone. Following this, an anchor system was implemented using the triangle of forces with a fleet angle of less than 60º, the aim of this was to reduce the tensile strength at each anchor point to 42% of the load.
Once the victim was localized, they were immobilized and subsequently transferred to the stretcher, once they were attached to the stretcher, the victim was raised on to the surface of the floating roof tanks by means of the access stairway and they were placed upright in order to allow for the evacuation process to begin.
A tyrolean traverse system was implemented for the evacuation, made of double rope; one work rope and one safety rope. The injured party was moved using said tyrolean system, the victim was then received, and the stretcher adjustments and other safety elements were checked before the victim was handed over to the medical services.
- Progression of the intervening staff from the warm zone to the TK-732 (Hot zone).
- Implementation of a safety anchor using the triangle of forces with a fleet angle of less than 60º, the aim of this was to reduce the tensile strength at each anchor point to 42% of the load.
- The victim who had fallen on the surface of the floating roof. View from inside the TK-732 TANK.
- The immobilization and subsequent mobilization of the victim onto the stretcher.
- Upward evacuation of the victim using the access stairway to the floating roof surface.
- Positioning of the victim in the vertical position. Beginning of the evacuation maneuver.
- Evacuation of the victim using a tyrolean system.
- Tyrolean made using double rope, one work rope and one safety rope.
- Evacuation and reception of the victim. Details of stretcher adjustments and safety elements which have been implemented.
- Victim evacuated and handed over to the medical services.